Botanical name: Fagus grandifolia

Common/commercial names: None


Distribution & Availability

Grows throughout Eastern USA, although commercial concentration is in the Central and Middle Atlantic States. Production volumes of higher lumber grades and thicker stock may be limited.

General Description

The sapwood of American beech is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. American beech tends to be slightly darker and less consistent than European beech. The wood is generally straight grained with a close uniform texture.

Physical & Mechanical Properties

American beech wood is classed as heavy, hard, and reasonably strong, high in resistance to shock and very suitable for steam bending.

Working Properties

American beech works readily with most hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained and polished to a good finish. The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. It is subject to a large shrinkage and moderate movement in performance.


Rated as non-resistant to heartwood decay, but permeable for preservative treatment.

Main Uses

Furniture, doors, flooring, internal joinery, panelling, brush handles and turning. It is particularly suitable for food containers as there is no odour or taste.

Other Information

Occasional brown streaks of mineral can be found in the heartwood and are not considered a defect. Commercially, production of beech is not on the scale of European production but there are U.S. companies specialising in steaming and export



Ash Aspen Beech Birch Cherry Cottonwood Gum Hackberry Hickory & Pecan Hard maple Soft maple Red oak White oak Sycamore Tulipwood/Yellow poplar Walnut